Fort Wayne Art School - Chicago Academy of Fine Arts - Chouinard Art School, Los Angeles.
Telecomics Inc. (independant studio run by him and Jack Boyd): TV commercials 1950-1951.
Comic-book, comic strips, illustrations
Assistant artist for Chester Gould on Dick Tracy 1931-1936. - Script and artwork for his own newspaper strip Jim Hardy/Windy and Paddles 1936-1942. - Disney Studios 1942-1956 (newspaper strips): Uncle Remus Sunday page 1946-1950, pencils for Scamp (daily edition) 1955-1956 and (Sunday edition) 1956. Inker for Manuel Gonzales on Early Sunday Color Comics 1950-1951 and Treasury of Classic Tales 1953-1956, inker for Floyd Gottfredson on Mickey Mouse (daily edition) 1942-1945, occasional ghost artist for Floyd Gottfredson on Mickey Mouse (daily edition) 1944-1945. - Western Publishing: Comic-book artwork for Warner Bros. characters (Porky Pig, Bugs Bunny) and Disney characters (Donald Duck, Mickey Mouse a.o.) 1944-1956 Also some scripts. - Assistant artist for Frank O. King on Gasoline Alley 1956-1969. Complete artwork 1969-1986.